Abay qunanbay ulj twra Birinshi sohz Ekinshi sohz Uhshinshi sohz Tohrtinshi sohz Besinshi sohz Altjnshj sohz Zhetinshi sohzi Segizinshi sohz Toghjzjnshj sohz Onjnshj sohz On birinshi sohz On ekinshi sohz On uhshinshi sohz On tohrtinshi sohz On besinshi sohz On altjnshj sohz On zhetinshi sohz On segizinshi sohz On toghjzjnshj sohz Zhyjrmasjnshj sohz Zhyjrma birinshi sohz Zhyjrma ekinshi sohz Zhyjrma uhshinshi sohz Zhyjrma tohrtinshi soh Zhyjrma besinshi sohz Zhyjrma altjnshj sohz Zhyjrma zhetinshi sohz Zhyjrma segizinshi soh Zhyjrma toghjzjnshj so Otjzjnshj sohz Otjz birinshi sohz Otjz ekinshi sohz Otjz uhshinshi sohz Otjz tohrtinshi sohz Otjz besinshi sohz Otjz altjnshj sohz Otjz zhetinshi sohz Otjz segizinshi sohz Otjz toghjzjnshj sohz Qjrqjnshj sohz Qjrjq birinshi sohz Qjrjq ekinshi sohz Qjrjq uhshinshi sohz Qjrjq tohrtinshi sohz Qjrjq besinshi sohz Ghjljm tappay maqtanba Alemge tanjlghan - aba

abay qunanbay ulj
(1845-1904 )

qazaq khalqjnjnh tutas bir dahwirininh aqjl -oyj men madenyetininh, oneri men adebyetininh asqar shjnhjn beyneleytin kemenhgeri abay qunanbayev .

dana aqjn - abay 1845 zhjlj tamjz ayjnda, qazirgi shjghjs qazaqstan obljsj, abay awdanj, shjnhghjs tawjnda twghan. Abaydjnh akesi - qunanbay ohz eline ataghj shjqqan agha sultan. Zerdeli zerek el aghasj, iri tulgha. Abaydjnh anasj - ulzhan, azhesi-zere.


segiz zhasar abay ohzininh zerektik qabiletimen ake kozine iligip, uhmit kuter, ata zholjn aqtar bala bolar ma degen oy saladj. Mine osj sebepten akesi qunanbay abaydj semey qalasjna aparjp, aweli ghabdwlzhappar moldagha oqwgha beredi. Bul moldanjnh qaramaghjnda eki zhjlday oqjp, musjlmansha bastawjsh bilim aladj. Budan keyin, on zhasar abay, bir basqjsh ilgeri darezhedegi, zhabjq oqw ornj, meshit zhanjndaghj diny medresege tusedi. Medreseninh sonhghj zhjljnda abay musjlmansha oqwmen toqtamay, semeydegi "prykhodskaya shkolagha" tuhsip, uhsh ayday orjssha da oqjghan. Bul-abaydjnh orjsshanj ygerip ketwine negiz bolghan.


on uhsh zhasjnda abaydj akesi qunanbay oqwdan shjgharjp, el bylew ahdisin uyretedi. 60-zhjldardjnh ayaq kezinen bastap abay azdap oqjghan orjsshasjn ohz betimen oqw arqjlj damjtjp, orjssha kitaptardi kop oqydj. Semey kitapkhanasinan keyde ohzi barjp, keyde arnayj kisi zhiberip kitaptar aldjradj. Sohytip zhuhrip, ol 1870 zhjlj peterbwrgten zher awdarjljp kelgen zhas ryevolywtsyoner e.p.mykhayelyspen kezdesedi. Kitapkhanada l.tolstoy kitabin surap turghan qazaqj adamdj korip tanhjrqaghan mykhayelys oghan tayap kelip, zhohn suraydj. Ekewininh tanjstjghj osjdan bastaljp, keyin ulken dostjqqa aynaladj.

bul zhjldarj abay orjstjnh ulj klassykteri pwshkyn, tolstoy, lermontovtarmen qatar ryevolywtsyoner - demokrattar belynskyy, gertsen, chernishyevskyy, dobrolywbov, saltikov-shshedryn, nekrasovtardinh zhane ewropaninh aqjn, ghaljm, fylosoftarjnjnh da enhbekterimen tanjsjp, adeby bilimin, fylosofyaljq oy-pikirin, dunyetanw kozqarasin kenheyte tusedi. Abay orjs adebyeti men pwblytsystykasin tek oqwshj, uyrenwshi ghana boljp qoyghan zhoq, olardj qazaq dalasjna nasykhattawshj, ohzininh mazmunjna tuhri say, korkem awdarmalarj arqjlj onjnh ydeyasi men mazmunjn da, yestetykaliq qasyetterin de qazaq oqwshjlarjna dahl zhetkizwshi boldj.


1886 zhjlj abay "ghjljm tappay maqtanba , "ynternatta oqjp zhuhr" olenhderin zhazdj. Aqjnnjnh bul olenhderininh kuni buginge deyin mahni zor. Aqjn aytqan : osek, otirik, maqtanshaqtjq, erinshektik, orjnsjz mal shashw syaqtj teris areketter ahli de bar. Al, talap, enhbek, ghjljm, qanaghat, raqjm da bizdinh qazirgi tarbyege dahl keledi.


abay qazaq poyezyasin zhanha byikke koterdi. Ol ozine deyingi qazaq adebyetindegi kemshilikterdi qaytalamadj. Shjghjs, batjs, orjs madenyetin ohz shjgharmalarjna ulgi etip, sol arqjlj ohz olenhderininh sapasjn zhogharjlattj, ulttjq tuhrdi saqtay otjrjp, oghan ynternatsyonaldiq nahr berdi, adebyetimizdi shjn oner darezhesine zhetkizdi.


ohzi ustem taptan shjqsa da, abay buqarashjl tilektegi khaljq aqjnj boldj. Ol shjgharmalarjnda sol khaljqtjnh muddesin, arman munhjn zhjrladj. Sonjnh zharqjn bolashaghjn anhsadj. Aqjn adamnjnh adamdjq qasyeti enhbekte, ghilim-bilim uyrenwde, adamgershilik minez-quliqta dep uqtj. Sondjqtan elin enhbekke, onerge undedi. Qazaq ayelininh bas bostandjghjn zhjrladj.

abay qazaqtjnh ulttjq adebyetin mazmunj zhaghjnan ghana emes, tuhr zhaghjnan da bayjttj. Qazaqtjnh adeby tilininh negizin saldj.

qazaq adebyetininh kornekti zhazwshjsj mukhtar awezov abaydj "qazaq poyezyasininh kun shwaqtj asqar byigi" dep orjndj ataghan.

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